Author: adminaidaa

Courses

Acoustics in aerospace – Numerical methods and materials characterization

Acoustics in aerospace – Numerical methods and materials characterization

15-16 April 2024

The aim of this webinar is to deal with the main criticisms related to acoustic simulation and noisesuppression in the aerospace sector. This objective is achieved by initially introducing and discussing the state-of-the-art methods and technologies that are relevant to this field.Subsequently, the fundamentals of analytical (Transfer Matrix Method) and numerical (Wave Finite Element Method) approaches are illustrated, which constitute powerful and efficient techniques to estimate the absorption and transmission properties of a sound package. Lastly, some innovative acoustic meta-material configurations are presented, based on a periodic pattern of porous unit cells, whose main homogenization models are defined and discussed too. These topics address different applications not only in the aerospace industry, but more generally in transportation(automotive, railway), energy and civil engineering sectors, where both weight and space, as well as vibroacoustic comfort, still remain as critical issues.

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    Courses

    Integration of Stealth Characteristics to Combat Aircraft Design

    Integration of Stealth Characteristics to Combat Aircraft Design

    26/27 March 14.30-16.30 CET

    Overview and General Information:

    Modern combat aircraft design is governed by signature reduction requirements, both in the electromagnetic and infrared spectra. At present it is commonly accepted to sacrifice other aspects of the design, such as aerodynamic and propulsion performance, to achieve low observability. Still, the final mission requirements might require a minimum trade-off according to the airframe mission (air dominance, surveillance, strike). In this webinar, the concept of signature reduction/control applied to combat aircraft will be discussed. Attendees will learn to quantify the performance characteristics attainable from different solutions. The basics of radar and infrared signature requirements (applied to aircraft), and their effect on final airframe shape will be analysed, considering the relative importance in current and future designs. The course will end with a trade-off analysis of some current designs.

    Learning Objectives:

    • Definition of survivability.
    • Basic of Radar Cross Section and Infrared signature.
    • Design requirements and major challenges in stealth airframe design.
    • Trade-off considerations.

    Target audience

    Doctoral and post-graduate students, aerospace and defence industry professionals, and military officers.

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      Courses

      Identification and non-destructive characterization of defects and damage in aerospace composite structures

      Identification and non-destructive characterization of defects and damage in aerospace composite structures

      23/25 January 15-18 CET

      Fiber-reinforced polymeric (FRP) composites are high-performance materials used in the aerospace industry due to their excellent fatigue resistance, durability, and high stiffness- and strength- to weight ratios. Composites allow the design of lightweight structures with tailorable properties that minimize energy usage and contaminant emissions. These materials are currently utilized in fuselages, wings, tails, doors, and interiors of modern aerospace structures.

      Despite the excellent mechanical properties, adoption and certification of composite aerospace structures is a challenge primarily due to (1) the current knowledge gap in the technology, manufacturing, process-induced defects, maintenance and repair methods for aerospace-grade FRP composites, and (2) the complex and highly varying behavior and damage formation/evolution of these materials.

      This course discusses some of the main challenges for the use of composite materials in aerospace applications, emphasizing four main aspects: manufacturing defects and signatures, identification of defects via non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methods, effect of defects on the mechanical performance, and NDE for assessment of structural integrity.

      The current manufacturing techniques for fabricating aerospace-grade FRP composite structures are discussed. The common defects associated with these methods (e.g., fiber and ply waviness, voids/porosity, inclusions, resin-rich regions) are reviewed, and the effect of these manufacturing defects on the strength and life of composite structures is analyzed. The state-of-the art techniques for identifying and characterizing defects in aerospace structural components using NDE methods are discussed, giving particular attention to ultrasonic testing, guided waves, infrared thermography and X-Ray computed tomography. Finally, the current challenges for assessing structural integrity of aerospace composite structures via NDE techniques are presented and the main areas of opportunity in this field are highlighted.

      MODULE 1 – Manufacturing Defects and Signatures (90 minutes)

      1. Overview of composite materials systems used in the aerospace industry.
      2. Manufacturing processes for aerospace composite materials.
      3. Defects developed during the manufacturing processes.

      MODULE 2 – Non-destructive Evaluation Methods (90 minutes)

      1. Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for the detection and characterization of defects in the aerospace industry.

      MODULE 3 – Effect of Defects (90 minutes)

      1. Experimental and modeling approaches for predicting the effect of defects on the damage modes and mechanical performance of composites.

      MODULE 4 – Structural Integrity Assessment using NDE Methods (90 minutes)

      1. Damage developed in composites during operational life.
      2. NDE methods for assessment of structural integrity of composite structures.

      Learning objectives

      At the end of this course, the attendees should be able to:

      1. Explain the difference between thermoplastic and thermoset polymer systems, in terms of the microstructure and mechanical properties.
      2. List the main applications of carbon fiber reinforced polymeric (CFRP) composites in aerospace structural components.
      3. Explain the different manufacturing methods for fabricating aerospace-grade composite materials, and identify the advantages and disadvantages of each of these techniques.
      4. Describe the common defects in CFRP composites developed during the manufacturing.
      5. Describe the needs, constraints and outcomes of NDE inspections in the aerospace field.
      6. Understand the physical principles and basic implementation of the presented NDE techniques (i.e., ultrasonic testing, ultrasonic guided waves, infrared thermography, X-ray computed tomography).
      7. Assess the effect of manufacturing defects on the mechanical properties, strength and life of composite structures.
      8. Describe damage formation and/or evolution in CFRP due to fatigue, impacts and environmental conditions.
      9. Assess advantages and limitations of NDE techniques with respect to specific defects and damages in the aerospace field.

      Target audience: undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students, academic and non-academic professionals. CTNA-Cluster Exploore Marche members.

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        Courses

        Numerical modelling of hypersonic flows

        Numerical modelling of hypersonic flows

        13 December 9-18 CEST

        This webinar Introduces the fundamentals of thermochemical modeling and numerical simulation of high-temperature hypersonic flows in the laminar and turbulent regimes.

        Syllabus

        • Introduction to hypersonic flows
        • Properties and thermophysical modeling of high-temperature flows
        • Compressibility effects on high-speed turbulence
        • Classical shock-capturing schemes
        • High-order numerical schemes for compressible turbulent flows

        Target audience

        This webinar is addressed to graduate/undergraduate engineering students, aerospace Ph.D. students.

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          Courses

          Tethers in Space: deorbiting and power generation

          Tethers in Space: deorbiting and power generation

          20 November 10-12 CEST

          The Space Tether consists of a complex structure where there are three main parts: 1) the primary satellite; 2) a secondary
          satellite; 3) a cable (of variable lengths) that is used to join the two spacecraft together. This cable allows the transfer of energy and momentum between the two spacecraft, and this transfer can be present in both directions and, in some cases,
          can switch direction. Space tethers can be classified into two different areas: Passive tethers, which are used simply for mechanical connection and mainly transfer momentum from one part to the other; and Electrodynamic tethers, conductive wires or tapes or more complex structures), in which an electric current can flow and pass from one end to the other. The simplest application involves using the tether system as a de-orbit system; a drag Force is induced on the tether due to its relative motion with respect to the rotating plasma and the satellite.
          An opposite application is the injection of electric current from one satellite which has an effect opposite to the deorbiting;
          this effect can be used to increase the SMA of the system or produce movements in the orbital plane. The Electrodynamic tether is a system that can act as an orbital control for small and relatively big structures (depending on the tether length and on the produced current). Even if the tethers’ dynamics (passive or electrodynamic) are complex and not at all completely understood, the current knowledge in materials and technology is bridging the gap between theory and extensive application in current Space missions.

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            Courses

            The Space Environment Interaction Engineering: Physics, Test Technology and Experimental Validation

            The Space Environment Interaction Engineering: Physics, Test Technology and Experimental Validation

            13/15/17 November 10-12 CEST

            Overview and General Information:

            In order to use space for scientific and commercial purposes it is necessary to understand the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) space environment where most of the activities are now, and will be in the future, carried out. LEO environment includes severe hazards such as Atomic Oxygen (AO), Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation, Ionizing Radiation, High Vacuum, Plasma, Micrometeoroids and Debris, Severe Temperature Cycles and, for some systems, the Re-Entry Environment. It is important to note that these environmental characteristics do affect the space systems, the materials and the structures at the same time, with a remarkable synergistic effect. In order to understand these synergistic effects, whether experimental or theoretical and numerical approaches are of essential importance, as the comprehension of the operative environment becomes a key point to extend operative life of satellites and structures and to withstand aggressive conditions.

            The course is based on the analysis of the physics of Space Environment and it is completed with an in-depth analysis of both ground testing methods and the validation of experimental tests according to current regulations given by the major agencies as ESA and NASA.

            Syllabus

            • Part 1: Physics of the Space Environment (2 hours)
            • Part 2: Test Technology, Ground-Test Facilities (2 hours)
            • Part 3: Experimental Validation (2 hours)

            Learning Objectives:

            Aim of the course is to give to the attendee the instruments to understand both the Space Environment and the related techniques for Environmental Tests on Space Systems, Materials and Structures.

            Target audience

            The course is dedicated to Ph.D students, non-academic professionals and undergraduate students.

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              Courses

              Nonlinear spacecraft attitude control

              Nonlinear spacecraft attitude control

              6/8 November 2023

              Overview and General Information: 

              Spacecraft attitude control laws are often designed using linear control design techniques. As a result, their effectiveness can be guaranteed only for small attitude angles and small angular velocities since in that situation a linear approximation of the attitude equations can be employed. However, there are occasions when the spacecraft motion involves large attitude angles and large angular velocities. For those motions, the full nonlinear attitude equations must be used for evaluating the effectiveness of attitude control laws. In this course, basic results of Lyapunov stability theory will be presented and applied to nonlinear spacecraft attitude control.

              Learning objectives: 

              • Spacecraft detumbling
              • Stability of nonlinear systems
              • Lyapunov theorems
              • Nonlinear spacecraft attitude stabilization
              • La Salle’s theorem
              • Lyapunov indirect method

              Target audience

              Doctoral students, non-academic professionals.

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                Courses

                Weapons bay aerodynamics and acoustic

                Weapons bay aerodynamics and acoustic

                20 October 2023

                Overview and General Information: 

                Modern combat aircraft design requirements impose the adoption of weapons bays to reduce radar signature and aerodynamic drag at transonic/supersonic speeds. Nevertheless, upon opening the bay, to release the store, aerodynamics and acoustic issues are generated which may potentially damage the structure of the cavity and the gimbal/sensors of the ordnance. Additionally, the trajectory of the store is strongly coupled to the unsteadiness of the aerodynamic field posing a hazard to a safe separation. Successful designs have been employed in current, low-signature,combat aircraft generation (F22, F117, F35, B2, J20, Su57), though each new design requires detailed studies to optimise the final architecture. In this webinar, the fundamentals of weapons bays aerodynamics and acoustic will be discussed.Attendees will learn to identify the major issues characterizing the topic, and what are the main difficulties during store release procedures. Numerical and experimental approaches for design procedures will be discussed as well.

                Learning objectives: 

                • Definition of main design challenges
                • Design approach and common solutions (including palliatives)
                • Fundamentals of store release
                • Examples of numerical and experimental approaches

                Target audience

                Doctoral students, non-academic professionals.

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                  Courses

                  Sensors and actuators for aerospace applications

                  Sensors and actuators for aerospace applications

                  12 September 2023

                  Overview and General Information:

                  Sensors and actuators are important for a variety of applications, such as control systems, robotics, mechatronic systems, biomedical devices, and aerospace. This seminar covers the fundamental physical principles, characteristics, and applications for various types of sensors and actuators including thermal, mechanical, electrical, electromechanical, and optical. After an introductory discussion on sensors and actuators, the focus will be on aerospace applications, where selected examples will be analyzed.

                  Learning Objectives:

                  • Introduction to sensors
                  • Sensors’ characteristics
                  • Physical principle of sensors
                  • Analysis of different sensors (e.g. piezoelectric, indictive, capacitive, optical, etc.)
                  • Actuators
                  • Aerospace applications: case studies

                  Seminar Learning Outcome

                  1. Be able to recognize and calculate sensors’ characteristics for different sensors such as pressure, temperature, strain, level sensors, etc.
                  2. Understand fundamental physics and constitutive laws for several common transducer types including electromagnetic, piezoelectric, and thermoelectric.
                  3. Be able to apply and use sensing physics to design and analyze sensors and actuators.

                   

                  Target audience

                  Undergrad and grands students are welcomed.

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                    Courses

                    Toward Smart Air Mobility: a Model-Based Design approach

                    Toward Smart Air Mobility: a Model-Based Design approach

                    20-21 July 2023

                    Overview and General Information:

                    The interest in Urban Air Mobility (UAM) had a step increase over the last few years. On the one hand, the slow growth rate of ground infrastructures led to a critical congestion in urban areas. On the other hand, the increasing demand for moving people and payloads further and faster drove the attention of research community and stakeholders toward the exploitation of the vertical dimension. With the aim to play a lead role in this new raising market, electrical air platforms with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities are being considered as key elements for the next generation of controlled airspace. In such a framework, crucial but challenging steps are represented by the optimization of novel configurations and the design of Guidance, Navigation, and Control systems. In this webinar, the fundamentals of Model-Based Design (MBD) approach will be discussed and applied to VTOL platforms. Attendees will learn the workflow of MBD and investigate the steps required for performance optimization and motion stabilization of rotary-wing vehicles. Test cases will be also presented.

                    Learning objectives

                    • Fundamentals of MBD method.
                    • Application of MBD approach to a sample test-case.
                    • Optimal sizing and performance estimation of rotary-wing aircraft.

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